Democracy There are many differences between the two countries in their approach to democracy. The German system gives more power to the parties, since they decide which candidates to place on the list from which the parliamentarians will later be drawn. Parties finance the election campaigns; the candidates themselves do not need to raise substantial amounts of money. In return, there is very high party loyalty in the German parliament.
Click to Tweet Overview: Its people benefit from a vibrant electoral system, a strong rule-of-law tradition, robust freedoms of expression and religious belief, and a wide array of other civil liberties.
The United States remains a major destination point for immigrants and has largely been successful in integrating newcomers from all backgrounds.
Key Developments in Although Clinton received the most votes at the national level, Trump won the presidency by securing a decisive majority in the state-based Electoral College. Beginning in October, U. Celebrity real-estate developer Donald Trump, an outsider candidate with no previous political experience, won the November presidential election after a year-and-a-half campaign.
He then scored a major upset in the general election against Democratic Party nominee Hillary Clinton, a former first lady, senator, and secretary of state.
Republicans also maintained their majorities in the Senate and the House of Representatives, meaning one party would control both the presidency and Congress for the first time since The hard-fought electoral campaign reflected a country that is deeply polarized, not only along party lines, but also along lines of race, gender, geography, and education.
Trump ultimately prevailed by winning over white working-class voters in key states, defeating a Clinton coalition that relied more on college-educated white voters and racial and ethnic minorities. The election was marred by alleged Russian interference, with U. As a result, Obama used executive authority to advance his priorities in areas including the environment, foreign policy, and health and labor standards.
Is the head of government or other chief national authority elected through free and fair elections? Are the national legislative representatives elected through free and fair elections?
Are the electoral laws and framework fair? The United States is a presidential republic, with the president serving as both head of state and head of government. Cabinet secretaries and other key officials are nominated by the president and confirmed by the Senate, the upper house of the bicameral Congress.
Presidential elections are decided by an Electoral College, making it possible for a candidate to win the presidency while losing the national popular vote. Electoral College votes are apportioned to each state based on the size of its congressional representation.
In most cases, all of the electors in a particular state cast their ballots for the candidate who won the statewide popular vote, regardless of the margin.
Two states, Maine and Nebraska, have chosen to divide their electoral votes between the candidates based on their popular-vote performance in each congressional district. InTrump won the Electoral College vote, towhile finishing nearly three million votes behind Clinton in the popular ballot.
The election marked the second time since that the candidate with the most popular votes lost in the Electoral College. The Senate consists of members—two from each of the 50 states regardless of population—serving six-year terms, with one-third coming up for election every two years.
The lower chamber, the House of Representatives, consists of members serving two-year terms. All national legislators are elected directly by voters in the districts or states that they represent.
In a practice known as gerrymandering, the boundaries of House districts, and those for state legislatures, are often drawn to maximize the advantage of the party in power in a given state.
The capital district, Puerto Rico, and four overseas U. In the congressional elections, Republicans retained control of the Senate with 52 seats. Democrats hold 46 seats, and there are two independent senators who generally vote with the Democrats.
Republicans also retained their majority in the House, taking seats, versus for the Democrats. Republicans currently control the majority of state governorships and legislatures. Turnout for the general elections was approximately 55 percent of voting-age citizens, roughly in line with past elections.
In some states, citizens have a wide-ranging ability to influence legislation through referendums. Such direct-democracy mechanisms, often initiated by signature campaigns, have been hailed by some as a reflection of the openness of the U. However, they have also been criticized on the grounds that they can lead to incoherent governance, undermine representative democracy, and weaken the party system.
Inreferendums in various states resulted in the legalization of recreational use of marijuana, curbs on plastic shopping bags, and increases in the state minimum wage, among many other topics. Do the people have the right to organize in different political parties or other competitive political groupings of their choice, and is the system open to the rise and fall of these competing parties or groupings?
Is there a significant opposition vote and a realistic opportunity for the opposition to increase its support or gain power through elections? Do cultural, ethnic, religious, or other minority groups have full political rights and electoral opportunities?
The intensely competitive U. Trump, himself an unorthodox Republican, defeated not only mainstream politicians but also opponents whose positions ranged from libertarian to Christian conservative. On occasion, independent or third-party candidates have significantly influenced politics at the presidential and state levels, and a number of newer parties, such as the Green Party or groups aligned with organized labor, have modestly affected politics in certain municipalities in recent years.This is a comparison between US states and countries' nominal Gross Domestic Product for the Alternative Future as based on International Monetary Fund and Bureau of Economic Analysis data.
Many of the states of the United States have large List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita - GDP at purchasing power parity exchange rates . The United States vs. China—Which Economy Is Bigger, Which Is Better “Country Comparison: GDP (Purchasing Power Parity) The Index of Economic Freedom, The Heritage Foundation and.
Comparing Governments. The Statue of Liberty is a symbol of freedom and democracy for people around the world. No two governments, past or present, are exactly the same. Japan, and the United States. Authoritarian Regimes.
Mao Zedong's position as authoritarian ruler of the People's Republic of China is glorified in this propaganda .
U.S. vs China: Superpower Showdown These giants boast the world's largest economies and active militaries, their decisions influencing politics at a global level. Despite a massive trade agreement and many diplomatic meetings, the two nations struggle to maintain the semblance of a civil relationship.
the United States, which has seen a fairly dramatic decline in economic freedom Democracy must be buttressed with constraints on the power of the execu-tive, constitutional protection of individual rights, decentralization of government Economic Freedom in the United States and Other Countries d Lawson d 71 Area 1.
Size of . The constitutional perspective on equality—namely, equal rights and freedom under a rule of law—has been eroded as the redistributive state has grown. Equality has come to mean equal outcomes and “equal opportunity,” in the sense of equal starting positions, rather than equal rights under a just rule of law.