Ethical standards in social work: This is the first comprehensive, in-depth examination of the code of ethics of the social work profession. Ethical Standards in Social Work provides guidance for practice in areas such as confidentiality, boundary issues, informed consent, conflicts of interest, research and evaluation, and more. Using many case examples, this practical and essential guide provides a firm foundation for making ethical decisions and minimizing malpractice and liability risk.
A wonder drug and its family To find a story that provides a thumbnail illustration for the nature and progress of worldly science, one needs to look no further than the medicine cabinet of any home.
Chances are it contains aspirin. Aspirin has many therapeutic effects. At over-the-counter dosage one or two gramsit relieves fever and minor aches and pains. At dosages three or four times higher, available by prescription only, it reduces swelling and is used to treat gout, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory ailments.
Despite these and other undesirable side effects, it is widely used. Now more than 80 million tablets of it are being consumed every day in the United States alone, and for many more purposes. Some fifty cousins of aspirin exist, most of which appeared after World War II.
They have different chemical structures. Yet they all suppress pain, fever, and inflammation and irritate the stomach to various degrees.
These drugs are rationally designed based on scientific knowledge, but alas, they have their own shortfalls. They have come a long way since the s and realize that many more secrets await discovery. Aspirin itself is a small chemical molecule, the properties of which have been known for more than a century.
However, the living body with which it must interact as a medicinal agent is most complex and not well understood despite scientific advancement. Aspirin research involves many approaches that will be discussed in more details later in the book: Contrary to the stereotype of applied science as perfunctory deployment of complete knowledge swayed only by cultural tastes, aspirin tells how judicious applications themselves demand and generate new scientific knowledge.
Its story reveals worldly science as a trustworthy friend in the tough journey of life. As you make your way through the knotty problems of the world, you develop a deeper understanding of your friend, the world, and perhaps yourself, so that you are better prepared for the new problems to come.
From folk remedy to pure chemical Aspirin is the generic medical name for the chemical acetylsalicylic acid, a derivative of salicylic acid. Compounds of salicylic acid are found in some plants, notably white willow and meadowsweet Spirea ulmaria.
Acetyl- and spirea inspired the name aspirin. An Egyptian papyrus prescribed willow leaves for fever and swelling.
The Greek Hippocrates, who was honored as the father of medicine, recommended willow bark for pain and fever. Medieval medical scripts contained many references to the plant.
Willow bark made its way into scientific literature in through the work of English vicar Edmund Stone. It had been among folk remedies of rural workers. Stone decided to pick it out for study because he believed that remedies came in the vicinity of ailments and observed that both willows and fevers occurred commonly in swampy areas.
He dispensed a fixed amount of willow bark powder every four hours to many feverish patients, recorded the results, and wrote a letter complete with a speculative explanation of its efficacy to the Royal Society of London.A wonder drug and its family.
To find a story that provides a thumbnail illustration for the nature and progress of worldly science, one needs to look no further than the medicine cabinet of any home. Research is the process of asking questions about a subject or topic, using resources to find the answer, and communicating the findings of your research to others.
While many consider research to be something primarily done in academic and scientific fields, the truth is that research is a valuable. See a recent note posted by Erica L.
Groshen, commissioner, Bureau of Labor Statistics.; Some 25% of workers in occupations requiring higher levels of physical skills are employed in educational services, health care and social assistance, and professional and business services, compared with 35% of workers overall.
Research Training and Career Development. Although the majority of fellowships are funded as NRSA (e.g., F30, F31, F32, F33), NIH also funds non-NRSA fellowship programs such as the Fogarty International Center’s International Neurosciences Fellowship (F05).
Apr 23, · Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. Helping you find academic and professional success in the New Economy In the first two installments of this series, we have discussed.
Publications. The Centre publishes on all areas of its work, contributing to research and policy journals, therapeutic journals, and popular media .