Western waterways were major arteries of communication and commerce for the South, as well as a vital link to the Confederate states of Louisiana and Texas. Early in the war, Union strategists settled on the Mississippi and tributary rivers such as the Cumberland and Tennessee as proper avenues of attack.
He spoke at the opening of a military cemetery. He felt very tired by the time he got back to Washington. Doctors thought he had a cold. Later, they said he had a weak form of smallpox. The president remained in bed.
Few visitors could see him. There was a danger the smallpox could spread. Lincoln got better after a few weeks. He began working on his yearly message to Congress.
After two-and-a-half years of war, he had good news to report. Union armies had gained two important victories at about the same time.
One was the battle of Gettysburg.
They pushed Lee back into Virginia. It was the last Confederate invasion of the North. The day after the battle of Gettysburg, Union forces defeated Confederate forces at Vicksburg, Mississippi. This victory gave them control of the Mississippi River. And it split the states of the Confederacy.
Union General Ulysses Grant had been trying to seize Vicksburg for several months. It was not easy. Vicksburg lay on the east side of the Mississippi River. It was built high above the water on a rocky cliff. As the river flowed past Vicksburg, it turned in sharply at the base of the cliff and then continued on to the gulf of Mexico.
The Confederates had placed cannon all along the sharp turn in the river. Enemy boats sailing past made easy targets., Billie. Letter, 2 January Accession 4 pages. Letter, 2 January , from a soldier named Billie at Petersburg, Virginia, to his sister Maggie describing the wintery weather conditions around Petersburg during the siege of Answer.
The control of the river was of strategic importance to both sides during the war. The North had set up a blocade in some major southern cities. To fully contai n them they needed to.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States (U.S.) from to The Civil War is the most studied and written about episode in U.S. history. Largely as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people, war broke out in April , when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina, shortly after.
Let's learn more about the Union effort to take the Mississippi River in Rivers in the Confederacy As the biggest river in the United States and .
The Mississippi River is important due to its necessity in American commerce. Cities such as New Orleans, St. Louis and Minneapolis all get water from the river. The Mississippi River provides hydroelectric power to a number of different cities.
The river is the second longest in the United States. The American Civil War: Battle of Vicksburg Splits the Southern Confederacy defeated Confederate forces at Vicksburg, Mississippi. This victory gave them control of the Mississippi River.