An introduction to the various types of volcanoes

Generally, volcanoes are found on divergent or convergent tectonic plates American Museum of Natural History, For instance, the Mid-Atlantic Ridge is because of the divergent tectonic plates.

An introduction to the various types of volcanoes

Volcano Types The U. Geological Survey estimates that there are about 65 active volcanoes in the United States and its territories. The Dynamic maps viewer shown at right provides an interactive presentation of potentially active volcanoes in the 48 continguous states.

Volcanoes are distinguished by their eruption style, composition, and structure. Volcanoes act differently and form differently because they are made up of different types of rocks and minerals. Below is a description of common volcano types that can be recognized as distinguishable land formations.

For more than years keen observers have noted that some volcanic eruptions affect weather and climate. Scientists report that large eruptions at low latitudes can cause the greatest global climate change.

Weaker eruptions send their eruptive materials only into the troposphere, where wind and rain quickly remove them. High latitude eruptions send their materials into only one hemisphere. Based on this information and the nature of different volcano types presented below, do you think that certain types of volcanoes are more likely to cause climate change when they erupt?

See if you can answer this question as you investigate the relationship between volcanoes and climate change. Volcanoes have many shapes and sizes, but the following three types are most important: Use the Dynamic map tool to find further illustrations of volcanoes described in this overview of volcano types.

The stratovolcanoes are made up of layers of lava flows interlayed with sand- or gravel-like volcanic rock called cinders or volcanic ash. These volcano land formations are typically miles across and up to 10, or more feet tall.

This type of volcano has steeper slopes of degrees on its flanks and as much as a 30 degree slope near the top. Stratovolcanoes show interlayering of lava flows and typically up to 50 percent pyroclastic material, which is why they are sometimes called composite volcanoes.

Pyroclastic flows are high-density mixtures of hot, dry rock fragments and hot gases that move away from the vent that erupted them at high speeds. They may result from the explosive eruption of molten or solid rock fragments, or both.

They may also result from the nonexplosive eruption of lava when parts of dome or a thick lava flow collapses down a steep slope. Most pyroclastic flows consist of two distinguishable flowing mixtures: Ash may fall from this cloud over a wide area downwind from the pyroclastic flow.

Image above at left: A schematic representation of the internal structue of a typical stratovolcano composite volcano. Image above at right: Mayon, a stratovolcano in the Philippines. Shield Volcanoes The second type may be familiar to you from news reports from Hawaii:Several types of volcanic eruptions—during which lava, tephra (ash, lapilli, volcanic bombs and volcanic blocks), and assorted gases are expelled from a volcanic .

An introduction to various types of volcanoes and explains how they work, describing their formation, destructive forces, and benefits.

An introduction to the various types of volcanoes

Suggested level: junior, primary. But that’s just one type of volcano – the stratovolcano (or composite volcano). Stratovolcanoes consist of many layers (strata) of hardened lava, tephra, pumice, and volcanic ash.

They generally have steep slopes and are the most common type of volcanoes on Earth.

Types of volcanic eruptions - Wikipedia

2Write includes extensive database of Report Writing Samples explaining about Introduction A volcano is considered to be an open surface, which is found on the surface of the earth and it allows the hot molten lava to flow from the surface. Generally, volcanoes are found on divergent or convergent tectonic plates (American Museum of Natural History, ).

Jul 27,  · DIFFERENT VOLCANOES: This video describes various types of volcano that can exist, and explains the processes that contribute to their particular development.

Most volcanoes erupt along. These three types of volcanoes that occupy the earth have seemingly different physical characteristics and behavioral changes. A volcanic eruption is one of the most dangerous and eventful natural disasters that can take place.

What are the Different Types of Volcanoes? - Universe Today