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O maior legado escrito de Pixinguinha. Kuarup KCD Secular and Sacred Folk Music Definition of Style Folk music is characterized by its integration into daily life or its function as a means of passing time while engaged in activities such as work or travel. Folk music is transmitted largely via oral traditions, and its practitioners rarely notate or document their compositions.
General stylistic elements of folk vocal performance include call-and-response, full-throated tone quality, and gapped scales, flatted notes, and microtonal melodic progressions. Observers writing in the s often mentioned their inability to describe performance practice adequately or to represent what was actually sung in standard Western notation.
Because recording technology was not yet invented, we can only assume that earlier folk performances were not too different from recordings made after Spirituals originated in the first half of the s, when widespread efforts to convert slaves to Christianity occurred during the Second Great Awakening.
The words to spirituals emphasize Biblical imagery, particularly Old Testament stories of liberation from bondage and New Testament stories from the life of Jesus and the apocalyptic visions of the Book of Revelation. Musical performance practice remained essentially African.
The most common musical format was call-and-response, with a song leader singing improvised verses while a group provided short repetitive and often rhythmic responses.
The songs themselves could be slow and mournful or in a more rhythmic and up-tempo style also associated with the ring shout, a holy dance. Many other collections were published from the late s through the s.
Afterspirituals were also important in the more popularized recorded repertoire of jubilee gospel quartets.
Spirituals might have remained in local congregations to be replaced gradually with newer musical styles if it had not been for the Jubilee Singers of Fisk University. During a tour to raise money for their struggling school inthey discovered that their performances of spirituals especially delighted their audiences.
Spirituals entered the concert repertoire. A number of important composers, notably Harry T. Nathaniel Dett, William Levi Dawson, Margaret Bonds, Hall Johnson, and more recently Moses Hogan, have made arrangements of traditional spirituals that are sung in churches and concert halls.
Slave Songs of the United States. Center for Black Music Research, Sinful Tunes and Spirituals: Black Folk Music to the Civil War. University of Illinois Press, Classic scholarly study of slave music.
The Oxford Book of Spirituals. Oxford University Press, Stars in de Elements:Midway through, handsome hunk Billy sheds his hosting and narrator role to show that he’s still got the goods with “Fame” from the s TV series that shot him to stardom.
London: Bloomsbury, History of “country soul,” a style with its roots in gospel, R&B, and country music.
Explores black and white musical interaction in the South and the cross-pollination between country music and soul music.
Malone, Bill C. Country Music, U.S.A. Austin: University of Texas Press, Universally regarded as the definitive history of country music. The Pan-African News Wire is an international electronic press service designed to foster intelligent discussion on the affairs of African people throughout the continent and the world.
The press agency was founded in January of and has published thousands of articles and dispatches in newspapers, magazines, journals, research reports, blogs and websites throughout the world.
Musical theatre is a form of theatrical performance that combines songs, spoken dialogue, acting and torosgazete.com story and emotional content of a musical – humor, pathos, love, anger – are communicated through the words, music, movement and technical aspects of the entertainment as an integrated torosgazete.comgh musical theatre overlaps with other theatrical forms like opera and dance, it may.
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“Phantom” is indicative of a trend in the late s toward a “sung-through” musical — one in which spoken dialogue is limited and often replaced by operatic recitative (speech-singing).