He was the cause of World War II and responsible for the deaths of nearly 11 million people, 6 million of which were Jewish Rosenberg.
Although the plan failed, and Hitler imprisoned, the notoriety the Nazi leader gained laid the groundwork for his rise to the dictatorship of Germany. While in prison, Hitler wrote Mein Kamp, the book that described his political philosophy and planned conquest of Europe.
Gangs of opposing political groups fought each other in the streets - Communists, Socialists, Nazis, and others resorted to violence in order to promote their political agenda and silence their opponents.
Assassinations of unpopular political leaders were a common occurrence. At the beginning ofthe exchange rate had risen to 18, marks per dollar by July it had reachedmarks and by September, a staggering one hundred million marks per dollar.
In the midst of this turmoil, Hitler saw an opportunity to grab political power in Munich, rally popular support behind him and topple the German national government through a march on Berlin. On the evening of November 8, leaders of the Bavarian government were holding a rally at a Munich beer hall before spectators.
Suddenly, Hitler burst into the hall, fired a pistol in the air and announced that the building was surrounded by of his stormtroppers. The Nazi leader whisked the stunned Bavarian officials off the stage and into a back room where he vowed to hold them hostage until they expressed support for his revolution.
The hostages soon acquiesced. Unfortunately, the spontaneous enthusiasm Hitler expected from the local population was not immediately forthcoming.
By dawn the following day, the coup attempt was running out of steam, riddled with confusion and lack of direction. However, Hitler had promised a march on Berlin and despite the dwindling chance of success, he led a column of approximately 2, armed followers through the streets of Munich.
Entering a city square, the marching rebels were confronted by a police unit. Shots rang out and fourteen Nazis were killed in the ensuing bedlam.
Hitler escaped only to be arrested two days later. Tried and convicted of treason, the Nazi leader was sentenced to five years of confinement under reasonably comfortable conditions, but actually served only eight months.
The experience taught Hitler that power was to be achieved not through armed conflict but through manipulation of the existing political system. We join his account as Adolph Hitler sits nervously nursing a beer at a bar just outside the entrance to the hall where the rally is taking place.
He is awaiting word that his stormtroopers have been deployed around the building: These men were a motley crowd. Roosevelt, and who would have felt more comfortable at home playing the piano than handling the pistol that had been pushed into his hand.
Kahr [one of the Bavarian leaders] had stopped speaking, and saw with dismay that a heavy machine-gun was being wheeled into the entrance by uniformed stormtroopers.
Some people panicked and tried to leave, but every exit was now guarded, no one was allowed out, and a few who tried were kicked and beaten back. At last Hitler arrived below the platform, grabbed a chair, mounted it, and fired a pistol shot at the ceiling.
There was a sudden silence in the hall. He jumped from the chair and leapt up the steps to the platform. A police major, hand in pocket, tried to bar the way. Hitler was now in front of the triumvirate Kahr, Lossow, and Seisser [the three Bavarian leaders].
He turned to the audience and declared in a hoarse, excited voice: The building is guarded by six hundred heavily armed men. The barracks of the Reichswehr [army forces] and police have been occupied. Reichswehr and police are now on the march under the swastika banner!
The Nazis did not have control of the local army nor the police. Hitler forced the three political leaders into a small room behind the stage where he attempted to extort their allegiance to his plot: Hitler ended with the threat: I have four bullets in my gun three for my collaborators if they abandon me and the last for myself.
A life more or less makes no difference. But I had to do it, for the good of the fatherland.
Suddenly he seemed to get rattled as his prisoners did not declare their enthusiastic allegiance. He jumped up and ran out on to the platform. Here, during the quarter of an hour of his absence, the scene had changed.
November 9, Goering appeared just in time to tame the three thousand people in the hall who were getting restless, despite the threatening machine-guns and pistols around them. What, they wanted to know, was happening in that back room?
They are holding preliminary discussions for the formation of a national government which all of you want.But the people on top made a cult of the 'ally,' as if it were the Golden Calf.-Adolf Hitler (Mein Kampf) (The Golden calf occurs in Exodus ).
Superficially, Hitler's economic policies were extremely successful. He appeared to have virtually eradicated unemployment, something no democratic Western power was able to achieve in the s and within three years of gaining office.
Some would say that the Nazi’s were so successful in the ’s because of the weakness of the Weimar Republic – The fact that they had set in depression and economic decline throughout the country, or that it was the spring from the depression that boosted the Nazi’s into such a . On November 8, Adolph Hitler led his Nazi followers in an abortive attempt to seize power in Munich in what became known as the "Beer Hall Putsch".
Although the plan failed, and Hitler imprisoned, the notoriety the Nazi leader gained laid the groundwork for his rise to the dictatorship of. Presiding over a rapidly disintegrating Third Reich, Hitler retreated to his Führerbunker in Berlin on 16 January It was clear to the Nazi leadership that the battle for Berlin would be the final battle of the war in Europe.
Some , soldiers of Germany's Army Group B were surrounded and captured on 18 April, leaving the path open for . A detailed biography of Adolf Hitler () that includes includes images, quotations and the main facts of his life.
GCSE Modern World History - Nazi Germany. A-level - Life in Nazi Germany, – Hitler's Childhood. Death of Adolf Hitler's Mother. Adolf Hitler in Vienna. Adolf Hitler's Political Development. Hitler and the .