Globalization has an mixture of features. The assorted signifiers of Globalization are as such. The construct of one civilization.
Introduction to Globalization Teachers may want to have the students read this introduction before they read the essays on "Globalization" to provide a basic understanding of the concepts included therein.
In the new era of Latin American cultural studies the structural concepts of the nation-state, state capitalism, and the role of the citizen all shift as a consequence of the combined force of neoliberal market capitalism, post-Westphalian geopolitics, globalization, and the commodification of both culture . This process of globalization is part of a ever more interdependent world where political, economic, social, and cultural relationships are not restricted to territorial boundaries or to state actors and no state or entity is unaffected by activities outside its direct control. The result of globalization is a dilution of cultural norms. The culture is often replaced by something that has worked in another region in an attempt to monetarily capitalize on proven successes.
Although globalization is often thought of in economic terms i. Many in local communities associate globalization with modernization i. At the global level, globalization is thought of in terms of the challenges it poses to the role of governments in international affairs and the global economy.
There are heated debates about globalization and its positive and negative effects. While globalization is thought of by many as having the potential to make societies richer through trade and to bring knowledge and information to people around the world, there are many others who perceive globalization as contributing to the exploitation of the poor by the rich, and as a threat to traditional cultures as the process of modernization changes societies.
There are some who link the negative aspects of globalization to terrorism. To put a complicated discussion in simple terms, they argue that exploitative or declining conditions contribute to the lure of informal "extremist" networks that commit criminal or terrorist acts internationally.
And thanks to today's technology and integrated societies, these networks span throughout the world.
It is in this sense that terrorism, too, is "globalized. Before moving to these essays, consider the discussion below about some of the economic, political, social and cultural manifestations of globalization.
Economic manifestations of globalization Increasingly over the past two centuries, economic activity has become more globally oriented and integrated.
Some economists argue that it is no longer meaningful to think in terms of national economies; international trade has become central to most local and domestic economies around the world. Among the major industrial economies, sometimes referred to as the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development OECD countries, 65 percent of the total economic production, or GDP, is associated with international trade.
Economists project that, in the U. The recent focus on the international integration of economies is based on the desirability of a free global market with as few trade barriers as possible, allowing for true competition across borders.
International economic institutions, such as the World Trade Organization WTO and the International Monetary Fund IMFfacilitate this increasingly barrier-free flow of goods, services, and money capital internationally.
Many economists assess economic globalization as having a positive impact, linking increased economic transactions across national borders to increased world GDP, and opportunities for economic development.
Still, the process is not without its critics, who consider that many of the economies of the industrial North i. Critics assert that these conditions are to a significant extent the consequence of global restructuring which has benefited Northern economies while disadvantaging Southern economies.
Others voice concern that globalization adversely affects workers and the environment in many countries around the world. Discontent with the perceived disastrous economic and social manifestations of globalization has led to large and growing demonstrations at recent intergovernmental meetings, including meetings of the World Trade Organization WTOthe International Monetary Fund IMFthe World Bank, and the Group of Eight G8 leading industrial countries.
Political manifestations of globalization Globalization has impacts in the political arena, but there is not a consensus among social scientists about the nature and degree of its impact on national and international politics.
Some political scientists argue that globalization is weakening nation-states and that global institutions gradually will take over the functions and power of nation-states. Other social scientists believe that while increased global inter-connectivity will result in dramatic changes in world politics, particularly in international relations i.
Political theorists and historians often link the rise of the modern nation-state in Europe and North America in the nineteenth century and in Asia and Africa in the twentieth century with industrialization and the development of modern capitalist and socialist economies. These scholars also assert that the administrative structures and institutions of the modern nation-state were in part responsible for the conditions that led to industrial expansion.
Media globalization is a direct result of technological development, maximisation of corporate media interest, the media's increasing correspondence to the public sphere, and media ownership. The global village has evolved to become more than simply a mass media monopoly, but. Free sample essay on culture. Culture is one of the most important and basic concepts of sociology. In sociology culture has a specific meaning. The anthropologists believe that the behaviour which is meant is called culture. words short essay on the culture. Globalization and Cultural Imperialism in Jamaica most deeply implicated in facilitating globalization as a cultural process (Sinclair, , p. 69). or the RJR Communication Group as the entity is now known, is the largest media entity in Jamaica, owning three of the island’s 16 radio stations, as well as the largest of the island.
Moreover, industrial development brought with it social dislocations that necessitated state intervention in the form of public education and social "safety nets" for health care, housing, and other social services.
Consequently, the development of the contemporary nation-state, nationalism, inter-state alliances, colonization, and the great wars of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries were in part political manifestations of changes in the structure of economic production.
It follows from this argument that in the era of globalization, with its significant changes in global economic relations, the nineteenth and twentieth century model of the nation-state may become obsolete. The economic orientation of the modern nation-state has been centered on national economic interests, which may often conflict with the global trend towards the free and rapid movement of goods, services, finance, and labor.
These processes give rise to the question of whether the modern nation-state can survive in its present form in the new global age. Is it adaptable, or will it gradually be replaced by emerging multinational or regional political entities?
Changes in political structure and practices resulting from economic globalization are only a partial explanation of changes in world politics in the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.
International relations and world politics in the second half of the twentieth century were strongly informed by another global factor - the Cold War i.
The early and most intense years of the Cold War in the s and s coincided with the de-colonization of Asia and Africa and the creation of more than 70 new nation-states.The current focus of the globalization of technology is the connections created by networks of social media.
Social media is a brilliant tool that can be easily used by those who have access to it. The dynamics of cultural globalization encompass both push and pull.
At first we pull together, and then we push apart, in search of both universal recognition and solidarity within a particular group.
The digitalization and globalization of the economy has subsequently eroded national sovereignty, reshaped conceptions of materiality and place, and facilitated new circulations of culture, capital, commodities, and people.
globalization, informatization, and cultural change The first broad area of questions to be addressed is that of the social and cultural implications of globalization and informatization, and the relevance to intercultural communication.
media, (2) the impact of new media on cultural/social identity, and (3) the impact of new media (especially social media) on different aspects of intercultural communication (e.g., intercultural relationships, intercultural adaptation.
Question 1. This argument is rather pedestrian, especially considering that the modern society is based on co-existence.
Taking the United States as an example, multi-cultural societies are inevitable in the contemporary world, where globalization is the force behind the destiny of the human race.