You have to be optimistic. Studies are showing that in the long run, having a positive outlook on life will make you happier, healthier, and wealthier while raising your quality of life. The way I see it, being optimistic means trusting that good will come of the situation. One of the most significant findings in psychology in the last twenty years is that individuals can choose the way they think.
May, Look for the silver lining Buddy DeSylva's upbeat lyrics to Jerome Kern's lovely tune provide an appealing call to a positive outlook on life, even in the face of adversity. Indeed, a cheerful disposition can help you get through the tough patches that cloud every life, but do people who see the glass half-full also enjoy better health than gloomy types who see it half-empty?
According to a series of studies from the U. Optimism helps people cope with disease and recover from surgery. Even more impressive is the impact of a positive outlook on overall health and longevity.
Research tells us that an optimistic outlook early in life can predict better health and a lower rate of death during follow-up periods of 15 to 40 years. Measuring optimism To investigate optimism, scientists first needed to develop reliable ways to measure the trait. Two systems are in widespread use; one measures dispositional optimism, the other explanatory style.
Dispositional optimism depends on positive expectations for one's future. These are not confined to one or two aspects of life, but are generalized expectations for a good outcome in several areas.
Many researchers use the item Life Orientation Test to measure dispositional optimism. Explanatory style is based on how a person explains good or bad news. The pessimist assumes blame for bad news "It's me"assumes the situation is stable "It will last forever"and has a global impact "It will affect everything I do".
The optimist, on the other hand, does not assume blame for negative events. Instead, he tends to give himself credit for good news, assume good things will last, and be confident that positive developments will spill over into many areas of his life.
Researchers often use either the Attributional Style Questionnaire or the Content Analysis of Verbatim Explanations method to evaluate optimism based on explanatory style.
Optimistic sports fans Sports fans will get a kick from a French study of cardiovascular mortality in On July 12, France bested Brazil in the biggest sporting event ever held in France, the finals of the World Cup of soccer. French men enjoyed a lower cardiovascular death rate on July 12 than on the average of the other days between July 7 and July 17, but French women did not.
Doctors don't know why fatal heart attacks declined; perhaps a burst of optimism is responsible. Optimism and cardiac patients In some studies, researchers have concentrated on the link between optimism and specific medical conditions.
DeSylva and Kern tell us that a heart full of joy and gladness can banish trouble and strife — and now scientists tell us that optimism may help the heart itself. In one study, doctors evaluated middle-aged patients who were scheduled to undergo coronary artery bypass surgery.
In addition to a complete pre-operative physical exam, each patient underwent a psychological evaluation designed to measure optimism, depression, neuroticism, and self-esteem.
The researchers tracked all the patients for six months after surgery. When they analyzed the data, they found that optimists were only half as likely as pessimists to require re-hospitalization. In a similar study of angioplasty patients, optimism was also protective; over a six-month period, pessimists were three times more likely than optimists to have heart attacks or require repeat angioplasties or bypass operations.
Optimism and blood pressure A sunny outlook may help people recover after a cardiac procedure, but can it also reduce the risk of developing one of the major risks for cardiovascular disease — hypertension? Research conducted in Finland suggests it can.
Scientists evaluated middle-aged men who had normal blood pressures when the study began. Each volunteer's mental outlook was checked with questions about his expectations for the future, and each was evaluated for cardiovascular risk factors such as smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, alcohol abuse, and a family history of hypertension.
Over a four-year period, highly pessimistic men were three times more likely to develop hypertension than cheerier souls, even after other risk factors were taken into account.
An American study of 2, men and women who were 65 and older also found that optimism is good for blood pressure. Researchers used a four-item positive-emotion summary scale to evaluate each participant during a home visit.
They also measured blood pressure, height, and weight and collected information about age, marital status, alcohol use, diabetes, and medication. Even after taking these other factors into account, people with positive emotions had lower blood pressures than those with a negative outlook.
On average, the people with the most positive emotions had the lowest blood pressures. Emotions and infections A study explored the link between emotions and viral infections of the respiratory tract. Scientists evaluated the personality style of healthy volunteers, then gave each a common respiratory virus.
Subjects who displayed a positive personality style were less likely to develop viral symptoms than their less positive peers. Optimism and heart disease High blood pressure is an important cause of coronary artery disease.
If optimism can reduce the risk of hypertension, can it also protect against developing coronary artery disease itself?
To find out, scientists from Harvard and Boston University evaluated 1, men with an average age of Each volunteer was evaluated for an optimistic or pessimistic explanatory style as well as for blood pressure, cholesterol, obesity, smoking, alcohol use, and family history of heart disease.I’ve spent a great deal of time here defending “techno-optimism” or “Internet optimism” against various attacks through the years, so I was interested to see Cory Doctorow, a novelist and Net activist, take on the issue in a new essay [ ].
Optimism vs Pessimism - It's Learned - Which Means You Can Change It! People, generally, are not born with either an Optimistic or Pessimistic view of the world. Test essay writing my family. What is dreams essay hook examples of reviews scientific article sociology my favorite song is essay essay.
Essay about my holiday experience unique human memory essay psychology ppt best vacation ever essay essay about success and happiness pdf. May 08, · definite and indefinite optism/pessimism.
What, for example, is the difference between a definite optimist and an indefinite optimist? And if there is a reference or definition in the essay, that ought to tie in with what you use here. Glasguensis, May 8, #2. A common idiom used to illustrate optimism versus pessimism is a glass with water at the halfway point, where the optimist is said to see the glass as half full, but the pessimist sees the glass as half empty.
We will write a custom essay sample on Optimism Definition specifically for you for only $ $/page. Optimism Definition. A direct definition from the Oxford’s Canadian dictionary, of the word ‘community’ is “a group of people having common ties or interests and living in the same locality or district, and subject to the same laws.”.