Theoretical Frameworks or Perspectives in Psychology Initially psychology was developed using the mental thinking expressed by persons interested in developing the subject of psychology.
Behaviour can be best explained in terms of stimulus—Response. That is, a particular stimulus will lead to a particular response. Ivan Pavlov and John Watson developed this theory.
Classical conditioning may be defined as a process in which a neutral stimulus, when repeatedly paired with an unconditioned stimulus, becomes a conditioned stimulus that elicits a conditioned response.
This may be explained as under: Ivan Pavlov developed the theory of classical conditioning on the basis of his famous experiment with dog. Whenever he presented meat powder Unconditioned Stimulus to the dog, it salivated Unconditioned Response.
Later, Pavlov rang the bell Conditioned Stimulus whenever he presented meat powder Unconditioned Stimulus to the dog. He repeated the exercise several times.
Afterwards, Pavlov rang the bell Conditioned Stimulus without presenting the meat powder Unconditioned Stimulus and found that the dog actually salivated Conditioned Response. In Operant Conditioning, responses to a particular stimulus occur on the basis on consequences of that response.
Thus there is strong association between consequence and response to a particular stimulus. Stimulus—Response—Consequences—Future Response on the basis of consequence Consequences can be any of the following: Something good can begin or be presented Something good can end or be taken away Something bad can begin or be presented Something bad can end or be taken away Consequences have to be immediate and clearly linked to the responses.
Behavioural framework debunked the Freudian proposition that behaviour came from unconscious. Cognition means a mental process involved in knowing, learning and understanding things. Edward Tolman propounded this theory in s. The theory may be explained as under: He developed this theory on the basis of his experiment with white rat.
He found that a rat could learn to run through an intricate maze with a purpose and direction towards a goal food.
He observed that at each choice point in the maze, expectations were established. In other words, the rat learned to expect that certain cognitive cues associated with the choice point might eventually lead to food.
If the rat actually received the food, the association between the cue and expectancy was established and learning occurred. In Organizational Behaviour, Cognitive Framework has been applied mainly in motivation.
Expectations, attributions, locus of control and goal-setting are all cognitive concepts that represent purposefulness of the subject.
This framework was developed by Albert Bandura who believes that human behaviour can best be explained in terms of a continuous reciprocal interaction among cognitive, behavioural and environmental determinants. Most of our responses are guided by observation and imitation.
According to this theory, human behaviour is determined by five basic capabilities: An individual associates a symbol to his future responses. An individual anticipates the consequences and accordingly makes a choice of responses.
Send in your e-mails to jha.Using a systems approach to the theoretical framework of this proposal is reflective of the self-regulating behavior of systems found in various scholarly fields of study. Regardless of the field of study, a system requires feedback in order to generate self-correction.
Oct 23, · OB draws on psychology, anthropology and sociology to gain insight into the behavior of individuals in organizational settings.
Topics studied include: perception, cognition, learning personality and motivation Theoretical Framework of Organizational Behaviour. Organizational behavior (OB) or organisational behaviour is "the study of human behavior in organizational settings, The systems framework is also fundamental to organizational theory.
Organizations are complex, goal-oriented entities. Alexander Bogdanov. Theoretical framework. The study regarding organizational change shows that to be successful an organization must not only sustain itself on the inside, but it should also adjust itself to the environmental needs.
Oct 23, · OB draws on psychology, anthropology and sociology to gain insight into the behavior of individuals in organizational settings. Topics studied include: perception, cognition, learning personality and motivation Theoretical Framework of .
Organizational Behavior Theoretical Framework. Organizational Behavior “Organizational Behavior is a branch of the social sciences that seeks to build theories that can be applied to predict, understand and control human behavior in organizations.” “Organizational Behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people as individuals .