Frequent famines[ edit ] Famines in India were very frequent during the period s to s. Due to faulty distribution of food, and because farmers did not receive the true value for their labour, the majority of the population did not get enough food.
In this essay we will discuss about Poverty in India. After reading this essay you will learn about: The Concept of Poverty 2.
Absolute and Relative Poverty 3. Recent Poverty Debate in India 5. Poverty Differential among Different States in India 6. Poverty Alleviation Programmes 7.
Economic Reforms and Poverty Eradication Programme 8. The Concept of Poverty: Poverty is a peculiar problem from which various countries of the world, particularly the Third World, have been suffering.
There cannot be a common definition of poverty which can be broadly accepted everywhere.
Thus there are large differences between the definitions of poverty accepted in various countries of the world. Leaving aside all these differences it can be broadly said that poverty is a situation where a section of the society, having no fault of their own, is denied of even basic necessities of life.
In a country, where a chunk of the population is deprived of even minimum amenities of life since long period, the country is suffering from a vicious circle of poverty.
Poverty is considered as the greatest challenge faced by the societies in the third world countries.
Poverty is also concerned with the comparison with respect to a fixed line—known as poverty line. However, the poverty line is fixed extraneously and, therefore, remains fixed for a certain period.
Normally poverty is defined with poverty line. Now the question which is relevant at this point is What is the poverty line and how is it fixed? The answer to the question is that the poverty line is a cut-off point on the line of distribution, which usually divides the population of the country as poor and non-poor.
Accordingly, people having income below the poverty line are called poor and people with income above poverty line are called non-poor. Accordingly, this measure, i.
Moreover, while fixing a poverty line we must take adequate care so that the poverty line is neither too high nor too low rather it should be reasonable one.Today in India, about 2 million Aanganwadi workers are reaching out to a population of 70 million women, children and sick people, helping them become and stay healthy.
Read more on why Anganwadi workers are the most important and oft-ignored essential link of Indian healthcare. Following are the topics on which our followers have written (and writing essays) every Sunday to hone their essay writing skills.
The topics are chosen based on UPSC previous year topics. Abstract. The advent of agriculture has ushered in an unprecedented increase in the human population and their domesticated animals. Farming catalyzed our transformation from primitive hunter-gatherers to sophisticated urban dwellers in just 10, years.
Using the $ per day poverty line, the percentage of the population living in poverty in India () was 60%. This means that million people in India were living below this poverty line in Indian government initiated various schemes to help the poor attain self-sufficiency in food production.
These have included ration cards.
A wake-up call to everyone who allowed allusions to the gap between rich and poor to pass without critical judgment. Because the gap is a sign of the OPPOSITE of what those who always point to it .
Urban areas have been recognized as “engines of inclusive economic growth”. Of the crore Indians, crore live in rural areas while crore stay in urban areas, i.e approx 32 % of the population. The census of India, defines urban settlement as: The first category of urban.