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See Article History Alternative Titles: Arthur Bell Nicholls, pseudonym Currer Bell, born April 21,Thornton, Yorkshire, England—died March 31,Haworth, YorkshireEnglish novelist noted for Jane Eyrea strong narrative of a woman in conflict with her natural desires and social condition.
The novel gave new truthfulness to Victorian fiction.
She later wrote Shirley and Villette Irish-born, he had changed his name from the more commonplace Brunty. Their upbringing was aided by an aunt, Elizabeth Branwell, who left her native Cornwall and took up residence with the family at Haworth. The fees were low, the food unattractive, and the discipline harsh.
Charlotte condemned the school perhaps exaggeratedly long years afterward in Jane Eyreunder the thin disguise of Lowood Institution, and its principal, the Reverend William Carus Wilson, has been accepted as the counterpart of Mister Brocklehurst in the novel.
In she went home to teach her sisters but in returned to Roe Head as a teacher. Branwell, moreover, was to start on his career as an artist, and it became necessary to supplement the family resources. The work, with its inevitable restrictions, was uncongenial to Charlotte.
She fell into ill health and melancholia and in the summer of terminated her engagement.
He went from job to job and took refuge in alcohol and opium. Meanwhile, his sisters had planned to open a school together, which their aunt agreed to finance, and in February Charlotte and Emily went to Brussels as pupils to improve their qualifications in French and acquire some German.
After a brief trip home upon the death of her aunt, Charlotte returned to Brussels as a pupil-teacher. She stayed there during but was lonely and depressed.
His was the most-interesting mind she had yet met, and he had perceived and evoked her latent talents. His strong and eccentric personality appealed both to her sense of humour and to her affections. She offered him an innocent but ardent devotion, but he tried to repress her emotions. The letters she wrote to him after her return may well be called love letters.
When, however, he suggested that they were open to misapprehension, she stopped writing and applied herself, in silence, to disciplining her feelings. She received a strict literary training, became aware of the resources of her own nature, and gathered material that served her, in various shapes, for all her novels.
Prospectuses were issued, but no pupils were attracted to distant Haworth. In the autumn of Charlotte came across some poems by Emily, and that discovery led to the publication of a joint volume of Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bellor Charlotte, Emily, and Anne; the pseudonyms were assumed to preserve secrecy and avoid the special treatment that they believed reviewers accorded to women.
The book was issued at their own expense. It received few reviews and only two copies were sold. Nevertheless, a way had opened to them, and they were already trying to place the three novels they had written. Charlotte failed to place The Professor: A Tale but had, however, nearly finished Jane Eyre: An Autobiography, begun in August in Manchesterwhere she was staying with her father, who had gone there for an eye operation.
When Smith, Elder and Company, declining The Professor, declared themselves willing to consider a three-volume novel with more action and excitement in it, she completed and submitted it at once. Jane Eyre was accepted, published less than eight weeks later on October 16,and had an immediate success, far greater than that of the books that her sisters published the same year.
The months that followed were tragic ones.
A Tale in the empty parsonage, and it appeared in October.Welcome to The Literature Network! We offer searchable online literature for the student, educator, or enthusiast.
To find the work you're looking for start by looking through the author index. Life by Charlotte Brontë.. LIFE believe is not a dream So dark as sages say Oft a little morning rain Foretells a pleasant day.
Sometimes there /5(50). Emily Brontë was born in Thornton in Yorkshire, England, on August 20, , the daughter of Patrick and Maria Branwell Brontë. Her father had been a schoolteacher and tutor before becoming an Anglican minister. She grew up in Haworth in the bleak West Riding area of Yorkshire.
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Did you know that you can help us produce ebooks by proof-reading just one page a day? Go to: Distributed Proofreaders. Charlotte Brontë, like her sisters, appears at first sight to have been writing a literal fiction of provincial torosgazete.com her first novel, Jane Eyre (), for example, the heroine’s choice between sexual need and ethical duty belongs very firmly to the mode of moral.
July marks the bicentenary of the birth of Emily Brontë, the novelist and poet best known for her novel Wuthering Heights (). Born on 30 July in Thornton, near Bradford in West Yorkshire, Emily was the fifth of six children including the famous Charlotte and (Patrick) Branwell Brontë.